FRACTIONATING BIOMASS INTO VALUABLE MOLECULES AND MATERIALS – SCALABLE AND COST-EFFECTIVE
BIOeCON International NV, a Dutch technology company, only uses ZnCl2 as an ionic liquid to fractionate various types of lignocellulosic biomass into its main components. They developed a two-step process to fractionate biomass into hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin. Controlling the conditions well it generates cellulose with a high degree of polymerisation. This cellulose can be used in various applications as cellulose fibers, yarns, precursor for carbon nanofibers (CNF), building block for bio-polymers, binder and filler in composite polymer materials, rubber, paper and as a component of functional coatings. SuperBIO connected BIOeCON with Belgian biomass provider CAPAX that has access to various lignocellulosic feedstocks such as hemp and wheat straw, or forestry residues. The produced cellulose oligomers are tested for application at different end-users.